Contract research comprises of all research activities undertaken through specific contractual arrangements agreed upon for the purpose. Contract research may be undertaken for advancement of science or for resource generation. The contracting parties may be public or private say universities for a specific job for short term and long term benefits or institutions outside the ICAR system for taking advantage of the expertise and infrastructure available in a given ICAR institute. The areas of contract research could be product development, technique perfection, technology development, variety evaluation, technology transfer etc. Contract research would normally be undertaken with private organizations, provided these fall within the mandated areas of the Institute.